Advances and perspectives in the application of genomic tools for research and breeding of forage crops

Isabel Roldán-Ruiz, Tom Ruttink, Hilde Muylle, Christophe Verwimp, Elisabeth Veeckman, Gerda Cnops, Tim Vleugels, Philippe Barre

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingC1: Articles in proceedingspeer-review

Abstract

Next-generation sequencing technologies have offered the possibility to sequence the genome of a few
forage legume and grass species such as red clover or perennial ryegrass for which reference genome
sequences and annotated gene sets are now publicly available. Nevertheless, due to the complexity of the
forage crop genomes and the funding allocated to them, the quality of these reference genomes still needs
improvement to obtain contiguous chromosome-scale assemblies. The latest sequencing technologies
will facilitate the assembly process, and implementation of novel bioinformatics methods can improve
the quality of the genome annotation. With or without the aid of a reference genome sequence, it is
now possible to genotype a large number of individuals or pools of individuals with several thousands of
markers, bringing routine implementation of marker-assisted selection within reach for a large number
of forage crop breeding programmes. Exemplary illustrations are provided in the context of parentage
testing, genome wide association studies, genomic selection and population genetics to identify adaptive
traits.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Proceedings of the Joint 20th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation and the 33rd Meeting of the EUCARPIA Section 'Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses' : Improving sown grasslands through breeding and management
Number of pages15
Volume24
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publication date2019
Pages229-243
ISBN (Print)978-3_033-07278-7
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventJoint 20th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation and the 33rd Meeting of the EUCARPIA Section ‘Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses’ - ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
Duration: 24-Jun-201927-Jun-2019
https://egfeucarpia2019.ch/

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