Computational Modelling and Scale Model Validation of Airflow Patterns in Naturally Ventilated Barns

Merlijn De Paepe, Jan Pieters, Bart Merci, Wim Cornelis, Donald Gabriels, Peter Demeyer

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingC1: Articles in proceedings

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    The application of natural ventilation in livestock farming still requires better understanding. Key issues are the configuration and dimensions of the ventilation openings throughout the barn. In this paper we tested the effect of six different ventilation opening configurations upon indoor air velocities, by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The 2D CFD results were verified with data from scale model experiments in a wind tunnel. Generally, both methods showed good agreement and indicated that larger ventilation openings resulted in lower air velocities near the inlet opening, but higher velocities at the outlet. Comparison with wind tunnel experiments also showed there is still room for improvement in the used CFD models. The obvious limitations of a 2D approach can be part of the explanation. Nevertheless, the main advantage of the computational approach was the ability to visualize the indoor airflows in each of the six geometries. Further research will involve 3D modelling.
    Translated title of the contributionComputermodellering en validatie, d.m.v. schaalmodellen, van luchtstromingen in natuurlijk geventileerde stallen
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings CIGR-AGENG 2012 : International Conference of Agricultural Engineering
    Number of pages6
    Publication date8-Jul-2012
    Publication statusPublished - 8-Jul-2012
    EventCIGR-AGENG 2012 - International Conference of Agricultural Engineering - Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Duration: 8-Jul-201212-Jul-2012


    • B400-animal-husbandry
    • T230-building-construction


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