Crop response of leek on fertilizer N from raw and composted chicken manure in organic horticulture

Koen Willekens, Bert Reubens, Bart Vandecasteele, Annelies Beeckman, Lieven Delanote, Stefaan De Neve

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingC3: Conference Abstractpeer-review

    Abstract

    Organic chicken manure as a by-product of organic meat and egg production has to be destined to fields with a certified organic production. Chicken manure is a nutrient-rich, fast acting organic fertilizer. A high application rate may cause salt stress for a young crop. Stricter P-supply legislative standards will strongly limit the application rate in the near future. Involving chicken manure in a mixture for composting or just mixing it with compost results in a product with a different nature and nutrient composition. Fertilizer N availability was assessed for a set of raw and ‘composted’ chicken manure products and the resulting N dynamics in soil and crop N response were examined. The field trial had a completely randomized block design with four replicates and leek (Allium porrum) as a test crop. Mineral N stock in the soil profile and plant N uptake were assessed. N balances were calculated to express N release from soil organic matter. Low N availability was observed from pure compost products. High fertilizer N availability directly after application of raw chicken manure products clearly caused a priming effect, i.e. an additional N release from soil organic matter. Higher fertilizer N availability affected N uptake and crop quality. However, it did not result in a substantial yield increase. N release from soil organic matter clearly was a major source of plant available N in this organic cropping system. Differences in soil fertility between blocks highly affected crop N uptake and yield potential.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNUTRIHORT: Book of Abstracts : Nutrient management, innovative techniques and nutrient legislation in intensive horticulture for an improved water quality
    Publication date2013
    Article number72
    ISBN (Print)978-9040303456
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventNutrihort - Gent, Belgium
    Duration: 16-Sep-201318-Sep-2013
    http://www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/Default.aspx?alias=www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/nutrihort

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