Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against larvae of Tuta absoluta in the laboratory

Veerle Van Damme, Bert Beck, E Berckmoes, R Moerkens, L Wittemans, R De Vis, David Nuyttens, Hans Casteels, Martine Maes, L Tirry, P De Clercq

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Background Previous studies have indicated the control potential of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) against Tuta absoluta. Here, the potential ofSteinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora is studied when applied against larvae of T. absoluta inside leaf mines in tomato leaf discs by means of an automated spray boom. Results The studied EPN species were effective against all four larval instars of T. absoluta but caused higher mortality in the later instars (e.g. fourth instar: 77.1 - 97.4% mortality) than in the first instars (36.8 – 60.0% mortality). Overall S. feltiae and S. carpocapsae yielded better results than H. bacteriophora. Steinernema carpocapsae and H. bacteriophora performed better at 25 °C (causing 55.3 and 97.4% mortality, respectively) than at 18 °C (causing 12.5 and 34.2% mortality, respectively), whereas S. feltiae caused 100% mortality at both temperatures. Under optimal spraying conditions and with the use of Addit and Silwet L-77 adjuvants, a reduced dosage of 6.8 infective juveniles (IJs) cm−2 yielded equally good control as a recommended dosage of 27.3 IJs cm−2. Conclusion Under laboratory conditions S. feltiae and S. carpocapsae showed good potential against the larvae of T. absoluta inside tomato leaf mines. Results need to be confirmed in greenhouse experiments.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPest Management Science
    Volume72
    Issue number9
    Pages (from-to)1702-1709
    ISSN1526-498X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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