Photoinhibition during acclimatization of micropropagated Spathiphyllum Petite plantlets

Johan Van Huylenbroeck, H Huygens, PC Debergh

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Micropropagated Spathiphyllum `'Petite'' plantlets were acclimatized at low- or high-light intensities [photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) 100 or 300 mu mol . m(-2). s(-1)]. During the first days chlorophyll fluorescence measurements show a partial photoinhibition of the photosynthetic apparatus, expressed by a decrease of the variable over maximal fluorescence ratio (F-v/F-m). This inhibition of F-v/F-m was significantly higher for plants grown at high-light intensity, leading to a photooxidation of chlorophyll. Newly formed leaves were better adapted to the ex vitro climatic condition (as shown by the increase of the F-v/F-m ratio) and had a higher net photosynthesis compared with in vitro formed leaves. Nevertheless, plants grown at 300 mu mol . m(-2). s(-1) were photoinhibited, compared with those at 100 mu mol . m(-2). s(-1). A sudden exposure to high-light intensity of 1-, 10- or 25-d-old transplanted plants (shift in PPFD from 100 to 300 mu mol . m(-2). s(-1)) gave a linear decrease of F-v/F-m over a 12-h period, which was reflected in a 50% reduction of net photosynthesis. No significant interaction between day and hour was found, indicating high-light exposure causes the same photoinhibitory effect on in vitro and ex vitro formed leaves.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIn Vitro Cellular Developmental Biology-Plant
    Volume31
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)160-164
    Number of pages5
    ISSN1054-5476
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

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