Ultra-high-performance supercritical fluid chromatography as a separation tool for Fusarium mycotoxins and their modified forms

Marthe De Boevre, Christof Van Poucke, Emmanuel Njumbe Ediage, Dana Vanderputten, Anita Van Landschoot, Sarah De Saeger

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review


A simple, reliable method for the detection of free and modified Fusarium mycotoxins in beer using state-of-the-art ultra-high-performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC) with low-resolution tandem MS (MS/MS) is presented in this paper. The UHPSFC-MS/MS method was developed for nivalenol, deoxynivalenol, 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol, deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, HT-2 toxin, T-2 toxin, T-2 toxin-3-glucoside, neosolaniol, diacetoxyscirpenol, zearalenone, α-zearalenol, and β-zearalenol and their internal standards deepoxy-deoxynivalenol and zearalanone. Due to the broad range of the physicochemical properties of the aforementioned, the sample preparation step was minimized to avoid analyte losses. Extraction with acetonitrile-water-acetic acid (79 + 20 + 1, v/v/v) and hexane in combination with solid-phase extraction (C18) was followed by a filtration step. After filtration, the extract was evaporated, and the remaining residue was redissolved in a mobile phase for injection (methanol-water; 90 + 10, v/v). A mobile phase consisting of supercritical CO₂ and a small portion of methanol was used. The developed multimycotoxin method permits the simultaneous determination of multiple fusariotoxins in an one-step chromatographic run using UHPSFC-MS/MS. SFC is a promising strategy; however, the retention mechanism is complex, leading to the unpredictable nature of elution and to some mycotoxins not being retained on the column. This restricts the applicability of UHPSFC in multimycotoxin analyses. The present study is the first report on the use of UHPSFC for the analysis of free and modified Fusarium mycotoxins.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of AOAC International
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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