Atmospheric nitrogen fluxes at the Belgian coast: 2004-2006

Laszlo Bencs, Agnieszka Krata, Benjamin Horemans, Anna J. Buczynska, Alin C. Dirtu, Ana F. L. Godoi, Ricardo H. M. Godoi, Sanja Potgieter-Vermaak, Rene Van Grieken

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    Uittreksel

    Daily and seasonal variations in dry and wet atmospheric nitrogen fluxes have been studied during four campaigns between 2004 and 2006 at a coastal site of the Southern North Sea at De Haan (Belgium) located at coordinates of 51.1723 degrees N and 3.0369 degrees E. Concentrations of inorganic N-compounds were determined in the gaseous phase, size-segregated aerosol (coarse, medium, and fine), and rainwater samples. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) was quantified in rainwater. The daily variations in N-fluxes of compounds were evaluated with air-mass backward trajectories, classified into the main air-masses arriving at the sampling site (i.e., continental, North Sea, and Atlantic/UK/Channel). The three, non-episodic campaigns showed broadly consistent fluxes, but during the late summer campaign exceptionally high episodic N-deposition was observed. The average dry and wet fluxes for non-episodic campaigns amounted to 2.6 and 4.0 mg N m(-2) d(-1), respectively, whereas during the episodic late summer period these fluxes were as high as 5.2 and 6.2 mg N m(-2) d(-1), respectively. Non-episodic seasons/campaigns experienced average aerosol fluxes of 0.9-1.4 mg N m(-2) d(-1). Generally, the contribution of aerosol NH was more significant in the medium and fine particulate fractions than that of aerosol NO(3)(-), whereas the latter contributed more in the coarse fraction, especially in continental air-masses. During the dry mid-summer campaign, the DON contributed considerably (similar to 15 to the total N-budget. Exceptionally high episodic aerosol-N inputs have been observed for the late summer campaign, with especially high deposition rates of 3.6 and 2.9 mg N m(-2) d(-1) for Atlantic/UK/Channel and North Seacontinental (mixed) air-masses, respectively. During this pollution episode, the flux of NHJ was dominating in each aerosol fraction/air-mass, except for coarse continental aerosols. High deposition of gaseous-N was also observed in this campaign with an average total N-flux of 2-2.5-times higher than in other campaigns. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftAtmospheric Environment
    Volume43
    Exemplaarnummer24
    Pagina's (van-tot)3786-3798
    Aantal pagina's13
    ISSN1352-2310
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 1-aug-2009

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