Belgian endive (‘witloof’, chicory) always had a leading position in the production of vegetables in Belgium. The cultivation of this vegetable found its origin in Belgium around 1850, and expanded from here to France and later to the Netherlands. Belgian endive was traditionally produced in the triangle Louvain-Brussels-Mechlin. The traditional production process of ‘witloof’ was characterized by a high labour intensiveness, allowing the small farms to obtain a reasonable income with limited capital investments. In almost one and a half century a long way has been gone, but the most radical evolution was taking place quite recently. The introduction of hydroponic cultivation of ‘witloof’ at the end of the seventies meant a radical innovation, causing a discontinuity in the path of technical progress. This innovation can not only be regarded as a major explanatory factor in the economic developments at the level of the farms and the industry but also lead to serious structural changes and geographical dislocations. In the paper the economic, structural and geographical impact of the introduction of hydroponic cultivation is analyzed. It also gives an outlook of the present national and international market in terms of production and innovations.
|Titel||Typical and traditional products : Rural effect and agro-industrial problems : Proceedings of the 52nd Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, June 19-21, 1997, Parma, Italy|
|Editors||Filippo Arfini, Cristina Mora|
|Plaats productie||Parma, Italia|
|Uitgeverij||Istituto di Economia Agraria e Forestale, Facoltà di Economia, Università di Parma|
|Publicatiestatus||Gepubliceerd - 1998|
|Evenement||52nd EAAE Seminar (1997). EU Typical and Traditional Productions: Rural Effect and Agro-Industrial Problems - Parma , Italië|
Duur: 19-jun-1997 → 21-jun-1997