Considerations on the performance of immunocastrated male pigs

Sam Millet, Kwinten Gielkens, Daniël De Brabander, Geert P J Janssens

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

    Uittreksel

    With the ongoing social pressure on surgical castration of pigs, an increase in the population of pigs that are either not castrated or immunocastrated (IC) can be expected. In both cases, their nutrient requirements and performance will differ from surgically castrated pigs and will require changes in their management. Immunocastration is performed by giving two injections of a modified gonadotrophin-releasing hormone component along with an adjuvant, at least 4 weeks apart. This paper describes the reported differences in growth performance and carcass quality of IC male pigs in comparison with boars (BO) and barrows (BA). Theoretically, IC pigs remain physiologically boar until the second vaccination and therefore, growth may be comparable with BO until this second vaccination. From then on, IC male pigs consume more feed than BO and grow faster when fed ad libitum. IC showed a faster growth and better feed conversion ratio than BA. When fed restrictedly, BO grow faster and more efficiently than BA and IC. IC have a lower carcass yield than BA and BO, whereas meat percentage is intermediate.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftAnimal
    Volume5
    Exemplaarnummer7
    Pagina's (van-tot)1119-23
    Aantal pagina's5
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2011

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