Could a T90 mesh codend improve selectivity in the Belgian beam trawl fishery?

Shannon Bayse, Bent Herrmann, Heleen Lenoir, Jochen Depestele, Hans Polet, Els Vanderperren, Bart Verschueren

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


    tIn an effort to improve the selectivity of beam trawls in the Belgian flatfish fishery, codend size selectivityof three flatfish and two roundfish species were compared testing 80 mm diamond-shaped mesh (T0)versus 80 mm mesh turned 90◦(T90) using the covered codend method. Eight models were consideredto describe the size selective performance of the T0 and T90 codends for each species; four traditionalmodels, along with four models that considered contact probability (the fraction of fish that will notmake proper contact with the codend meshes for size-dependent escape). Fifteen hauls were completedin the North Sea, fishing both codends simultaneously. The results demonstrated that the T90 codendsignificantly increased size selectivity for the two roundfish species investigated, whiting (Merlangiusmerlangus) and pouting (Trisopterus luscus), and significantly decreased size selectivity of the three flatfishspecies, sole (Solea solea), plaice (Pleuronectes platessa), and dab (Limanda limanda). Selection range (SR)values were similar for both roundfish species with each codend, but were significantly reduced for allflatfish species by the T90 codend. Models that considered contact probability provided the best modelfor four of the species with T90 (pouting, sole, plaice, and dab), and one species with T0 (sole). Lack ofadequate contact with the T90 meshes could be a result of the combined effects of increased flow throughthe T90 codend due to T90 meshes remaining more open than T0 meshes during towing, and the relativehigh towing speeds of beam trawls. This study concludes that although a T90 codend reduces the sizeselectivity of flatfish, the lower SR of the T90 codend could be paired with a larger T90 codend mesh sizefor improved flatfish selectivity, and that a T90 mesh codend increases the size selectivity for commonlyencountered roundfish in the Belgian beam trawl fishery.
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    TijdschriftFisheries Research
    Pagina's (van-tot)201-209
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2015


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