Development of incurred chocolate bars and broth powder with six fully characterised food allergens as test materials for food allergen analysis

Anne-Catherine Huet, Melody Paulus, Jean Henrottin, Chantal Brossard, Olivier Tranquet, Hervé Bernard, Rosa Pilolli, Chiara Nitride, Colette Larré, Karine Adel-Patient, Linda Monaci, E N Clare Mills, Marc De Loose, Nathalie Gillard, Christof Van Poucke

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review


The design and production of incurred test materials are critical for the development and validation of methods for food allergen analysis. This is because production and processing conditions, together with the food matrix, can modify allergens affecting their structure, extractability and detectability. For the ThRAll project, which aims to develop a mass spectrometry-based reference method for the simultaneous accurate quantification of six allergenic ingredients in two hard to analyse matrices. Two highly processed matrices, chocolate bars and broth powder, were selected to incur with six allergenic ingredients (egg, milk, peanut, soy, hazelnut and almond) at 2, 4, 10 and 40 mg total allergenic protein/kg food matrix using a pilot-scale food manufacturing plant. The allergenic activity of the ingredients incurred was verified using food-allergic patient serum/plasma IgE, the homogeneity of the incurred matrices verified and their stability at 4 °C assessed over at least 30-month storage using appropriate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Allergens were found at all levels from the chocolate bar and were homogenously distributed, apart from peanut and soy which could only be determined above 4 mg total allergenic ingredient protein/kg. The homogeneity assessment was restricted to analysis of soy, milk and peanut for the broth powder but nevertheless demonstrated that the allergens were homogeneously distributed. All the allergens tested were found to be stable in the incurred matrices for at least 30 months demonstrating they are suitable for method development.

Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Pagina's (van-tot)2553–2570
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 24-feb.-2022


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