Diversity and pathobiology of an ilarvirus unexpectedly detected in diverse host plants and in global sequencing data

Mark Paul Selda Rivarez, Chantal Faure, Laurence Svanella-Dumas, Anja Pecman, Magda Tusek-Znidaric, Deborah Schönegger, Kris De Jonghe, Arnaud G. Blouin, Sebastien Massart, Maja Ravnikar, Denis Kutnjak, Armelle Marais, Thierry Candresse

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review

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High-throughput sequencing (HTS) and sequence mining tools revolutionized virus detection and discovery in recent years and implementing them with classical plant virology techniques results to a powerful approach to characterize viruses. An example of a virus discovered through HTS is Solanum nigrum ilarvirus 1 (SnIV1) (family Bromoviridae), which was recently reported in various solanaceous plants from France, Slovenia, Greece, and South Africa. It was likewise detected in grapevines (Vitaceae) and several Fabaceae and Rosaceae plant species. Such a very diverse host association is atypical for ilarviruses, thus warranted further investigation. In this study, modern and classical virological tools were combined to accelerate the characterization of SnIV1. Through HTS-based virome surveys, mining of sequence read archive datasets, and literature search, SnIV1 was further identified from diverse plant and non-plant sources globally. SnIV1 isolates showed relatively low variability compared to other phylogenetically related ilarviruses. Phylogenetic analyses showed a distinct basal clade of isolates from Europe, while the rest formed clades of mixed geographic origin. Furthermore, systemic infection of SnIV1 in Solanum villosum and its mechanical and graft transmissibility to solanaceous species were demonstrated. Near identical SnIV1 genomes from the inoculum (S. villosum) and inoculated Nicotiana benthamiana were sequenced, thus partially fulfilling Koch’s postulates. SnIV1 was shown to be seed-transmitted and potentially pollen-borne, has spherical virions, and possibly induces histopathological changes in infected N. benthamiana leaf tissues. Overall, this study provided information to better understand the diversity, distribution, and pathobiology of SnIV1, but whether it could emerge as a destructive pathogen remains uncertain.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftPhytopathology
ISSN0031-949X
DOI's
PublicatiestatusE-publicatie voorafgaand op geprinte versie - 3-jul.-2023

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