Drift from field crop sprayers using an integrated approach: Results of a five-year study

David Nuyttens, M. De Schampheleire, K. Baetens, E. Brusselman, D. Dekeyser, P. Verboven

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

    Uittreksel

    Spray drift continues to be a major problem in applying agricultural pesticides. This paper summarizes the results of a 5 year study about drift from field crop sprayers using a unique integrated approach.
    Indirect (spray quality and wind tunnel measurements) and direct drift experiments (field drift experiments) were performed and drift models were developed to study the effect of spray application technique, droplet characteristics, buffer zones, meteorological conditions, spray liquid properties, border structures and crop characteristics on drift from field crop sprayers. It was found that indirect drift measurements can be a valuable alternative to field drift experiments. A validated 3-D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) mechanistic drift model was developed which can be used for a systemic study of different influencing factors. This model was reduced to a fast 2-D diffusion advection model useful as a hands-on drift prediction tool. From the experiments as well as from the models, the fraction of small droplets and the spray boom height were found to be the most influential spray application factors. Moreover, meteorological conditions as well as crop characteristics have an important effect on the amount of spray drift which can be reduced significantly using intercepting screens or buffer zones. From this study, drift protocols, data and models are made available which help to understand and reduce the complex phenomena of spray drift.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftTransactions of the ASABE
    Volume54
    Exemplaarnummer2
    Pagina's (van-tot)403-408
    Aantal pagina's6
    ISSN2151-0032
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2011

    Vingerafdruk

    Bekijk de onderzoeksthema's van 'Drift from field crop sprayers using an integrated approach: Results of a five-year study'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

    Dit citeren