Effect of cull potatoes in the diet for finishing Belgian Blue doublemuscled cows

Leo Fiems, Johan De Boever, José Vanacker, Daniël De Brabander

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


    The use of culled potatoes was investigated in finishing Belgian Blue double-muscled finishing cows, confined in tie stalls. The control diet (Treatment 1) consisted of concentrate and maize silage (50/50 on a dry matter basis). Potatoes either replaced 60% maize silage (Treatment 2) or 60% concentrate (Treatment 3). Diets were formulated to be isocaloric and isonitrogenous. They were fed ad libitum. Approximately 18 kg potatoes were fed daily in treatments 2 and 3. Daily gain was not significantly altered; it decreased from 1.09 kg (Treatment 1) to 1.04 kg (Treatment 2) or increased to 1.20 kg (Treatment 3), although potatoes stimulated dry matter intake by 5 to 8% (P < 0.05). Feed conversion was unaffected in comparison with the control diet, when expressed in terms of dry matter, but energy efficiency (MJ/kg live-weight gain) was substantially lower for Treatment 2 compared to Treatment 1 (89.9 vs. 79.0; P = 0.046). Carcass weight, grading and composition were not affected by treatments, but potatoes increased dressing percentage (P = 0.009). Treatment had no significant effect on meat quality parameters. However, potatoes (Treatments 2 and 3) tended to decrease moisture content (P = 0.090) and tended to increase drip loss (P = 0.059) compared to Treatment 1. Because of a better animal performance and a lower feed cost, it is most appropriate to use potatoes as a replacement for concentrate. Feeding large amounts of potatoes besides concentrate may have an adverse effect on the fibrousness of the diet, resulting in a tendency (-5%) for a reduced daily gain and a lower energy efficiency (P < 0.05).
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    Pagina's (van-tot)93–100
    Aantal pagina’s8
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 5-jan.-2013


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