Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) against the chive midge, Bradysia odoriphaga Yang & Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae)

Juan Ma, S. Chen, Maurice Moens, R. Han, Patrick De Clercq

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


Chive gnat, Bradysia odoriphaga Yang & Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae), is the most serious pest of Chinese chive, Allium tuberosum. The present study aimed at determining the biocontrol potential of different indigenous entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) isolates for the management of chive gnat in China. The virulence of 145 EPN isolates belonging to 13 species against B. odoriphaga was evaluated in the laboratory, and then the most promising isolates (Steinernema ceratophorum HQA-87; S. hebeiense JY-82; S. feltiae JY-90, JY-17; S. litorale HXY-68; Heterorhabditis indica ZZ-68; H. bacteriophora NY-63, HQ-94; and H. megidis LFS-10) were selected for further experiments. The mortality of fourth instar B. odoriphaga was significantly affected by nematode isolates and concentrations of infective juveniles (IJ). Third and fourth instars of B. odoriphaga were generally more susceptible to the nematodes than first and second instars
and pupae. Pot experiments showed no differences in B. odoriphaga population reduction at 50 and 75 IJ/cm2 of different isolates; the tested isolates caused a 78–94 % reduction of the chive gnat population at an application rate of 75 IJ/cm2. In a field experiment, S. feltiae JY-90 generated the strongest pest suppression 14 days after EPN application, whereas after 28 days pest densities in the plots treated with S. feltiae JY-17 and S. hebeiense JY-82 were similar to those in plots treated with phoxim and yielded significant reductions of the B. odoriphaga populations. Our findings indicate that EPN may have good potential for use in the integrated management of B. odoriphaga populations in Chinese chive.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftJournal of Pest Science
Pagina's (van-tot)551-561
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2013

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