ELISA detection of hazelnut proteins: effect of protein glycation in the presence or absence of wheat proteins

T Cucu, C Platteau, I Taverniers, B Devreese, M de Loose, B de Meulenaer

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


    Hazelnuts are widely used in the food industry, especially confectionary foods. Nevertheless, these nuts contain several allergenic proteins that may be unexpectedly present as contaminants in various foods and may pose a serious threat to allergic consumers. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the preferred method to assess the level of hazelnut protein contamination. It is commonly used by both the food industry and enforcement agencies. Several ELISA kits are commercially available. However, protein detectability by ELISA may be affected by severe changes that proteins undergo during processing. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the impact of processing on the ability to detect hazelnut protein by four commercial ELISA kits. Hazelnut proteins in the presence or absence of soluble wheat proteins were modified with glucose via the Maillard reaction. Changes in hazelnut proteins, such as the formation of protein-bound carbonyls, losses of reactive lysine residues and free amino groups, and severe aggregation dramatically affected the hazelnut protein detection by the commercial kits. The observed impact was highly dependent on the type of ELISA kit used.
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    TijdschriftFood Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
    Pagina's (van-tot)1-10
    Aantal pagina’s10
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2011


    Bekijk de onderzoeksthema's van 'ELISA detection of hazelnut proteins: effect of protein glycation in the presence or absence of wheat proteins'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

    Dit citeren