AtCSLD3, a cellulose synthase-like gene important for root hair growth in Arabidopsis

X Wang, Gerda Cnops, R Vanderhaeghen, S De Block, M Van Montagu, M Van Lijsebettens

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    A member of the cellulose synthase-like (subfamily D) gene family of Arabidopsis, AtCSLD3, has been identified by T-DNA tagging. The analysis of the corresponding mutant, csld3-1, showed that the AtCSLD3 gene plays a role in root hair growth in plants. Root: hairs grow in phases: First a bulge is formed and then the root hair elongates by polarized growth, the so-called “tip growth”. In the mutant, root hairs were initiated at the correct position and grew into a bulge, but their elongation was severely reduced. The tips of the csld3-1 root hairs easily leaked cytoplasm, indicating that the tensile strength of the cell wall had changed at the site of the tip. Based on the mutant phenotype and the functional conservation between CSLD3 and the genuine cellulose synthase proteins, we hypothesized that the CSLD3 protein is essential for the synthesis of polymers for the fast-growing primary cell wall at the root hair tip. The distinct mutant phenotype and the ubiquitous expression pattern indicate that the CSLD3 gene product is only limiting at the zone of the root hair tip, suggesting particular physical properties of the cell wall at this specific site of the root hair cell.

    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftPlant Physiology
    Volume126
    Exemplaarnummer2
    Pagina's (van-tot)575-586
    Aantal pagina's12
    ISSN0032-0889
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2001

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