Despite multiple taxonomic revisions, several uncertainties at the genus and species level remain to be resolved within the Serendipitaceae family (Sebacinales). This volatile classification is attributed to the limited number of available axenic cultures and the scarcity of useful morphological traits. In the current study, we attempted to discover alternative taxonomic markers not relying on DNA sequences to differentiate among the closely related members of our Congolese Serendipita isolate collection and the reference strains S. indica (syn. Piriformospora indica) and S. williamsii (syn. P. williamsii). We demonstrated that nuclear distribution across hyphal cells and genome size (determined by flow cytometry) did not have enough resolving power, but quantitative and qualitative variations in the ultrastructure of the dolipore septa investigated by transmission electron microscopy did provide useful markers. Multivariate analysis revealed that subtle differences in ultrastructural characteristics of the parenthesome and the attached endoplasmic reticulum are most relevant when studying this fungal group. Moreover, the observed clustering pattern showed that there might be more diversity amongst the Congolese isolates within the S. 'williamsii' species complex than previously anticipated based on molecular data. Altogether, our results provide novel perspectives on the use of integrative approaches to support sebacinoid and Serendipitaceae taxonomy.