Fusarium isolates from Belgium causing wilt in lettuce show genetic and pathogenic diversity

Jolien Claerbout, Kris Van Poucke, Hanna Mestdagh, Ilse Delaere, Isabel Vandevelde, Sofie Venneman, An Decombel, Peter Bleyaert, Jenny Neukermans, Nicole Viaene, Kurt Heungens, Monica Höfte

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review


Abstract Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae race 4 causes vascular necrosis and wilting of lettuce. First observed in Belgium in 2015, the lack of disease resistance in commercial cultivars allowed this pathogen to spread to nearly the entire Belgian production area within 4 years. Different levels of disease development were observed in different commercial greenhouses. To help explain this variation, we collected 78 Fusarium isolates and characterized them both physiologically and genetically. Molecular race identification indicated that 91, while 6, which was not previously reported in Belgium. Pathogenicity assays using differential cultivars confirmed the molecular race assignment of selected isolates. Cultivar Patriot was identified as a suitable new differential cultivar to race 4. Race 4 isolates were more aggressive than race 1 isolates at 24°C, but only when using chlamydospore inoculum instead of a root dip assay containing microconidia. Variation in pathogenicity and aggressiveness of the races may explain differences in disease development in commercial greenhouses. Based on genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), race 1 and race 4 isolates were highly similar to reference isolates. Fusarium curvatum, F. oxysporum f. sp. tulipae and F. oxysporum f. sp. rhois were phylogenetically separated from F. oxysporum f. sp. lactucae races 1 and 4 based on the GBS data, but not when using multilocus sequence data. Within F. oxysporum f. sp. lactucae race 4, the GBS data differentiated two rather homogeneous groups, suggesting at least two introductions. However, the two groups did not differ in aggressiveness.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftPlant Pathology
Aantal pagina’s17
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 17-nov.-2022


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