Soil water content is a key variable for understanding and modeling ecohydrological processes. In this chapter, we review the state of the art of ground-based methods to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamic of soil water content, from point to field scale. First, point measurements methods are briefly discussed. Then, field-scale hydrogeophysical approaches such as ground-penetrating radar, ground-based L-band radiometry, electromagnetic induction, electrical resistivity tomography, cosmic-ray neutron probes, global navigation satellite system reflectometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance are described in more details. The basic principles of the different techniques, the spatial and temporal characteristics of their measurements, their advantages and limitations, as well as the recent developments in the data processing are presented.
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 2019|