How to define green adjuvants

Bert Beck, Walter Steurbaut, Pieter Spanoghe

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    The concept ‘green adjuvants’ is difficult to define. This paper formulates an answer based on two approaches. Starting
    from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) definition for green chemistry, production-based
    and environmental-impact-based definitions for green adjuvants are proposed. According to the production-based approach,
    adjuvants are defined as green if they are manufactured using renewable raw materials as much as possible while making
    efficient use of energy, preferably renewable energy. According to the environmental impact approach, adjuvants are defined
    as green (1) if they have a low human and environmental impact, (2) if they do not increase active ingredient environmental
    mobility and/or toxicity to humans and non-target organisms, (3) if they do not increase the exposure to these active substances
    and (4) if they lower the impact of formulated pesticides by enhancing the performance of active ingredients, thus potentially
    lowering the required dosage of active ingredients. Based on both approaches, a tentative definition for ‘green adjuvants’ is
    given, and future research and legislation directions are set out.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftPest Management Science
    Volume68
    Pagina's (van-tot)1107-1110
    Aantal pagina's4
    ISSN1526-498X
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 22-feb-2012

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