Impact of the quality of organic amendments on size and composition of the weed seed bank

B. De Cauwer, Tommy D'Hose, M. Cougnon, B. Leroy, R. Bulcke, D. Reheul

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review

    Uittreksel

    In addition to improving the soil quality, organic amendments of soils may affect weed seed survival, emergence, growth and reproduction. This study evaluated the effects of applications of different qualities of organic amendments on size and composition of the weed seed bank in a field under sequential cropping over 4 years. Fertilisation systems tested included farmyard manure, vegetable fruit and garden waste compost, two types of farm compost differing in carbon:nitrogen (C:N) ratio, cattle slurry and mineral fertiliser. All organically amended plots received equal amounts of C. Crop growth was equalised on all plots by applying supplemental mineral N. Seed bank sampling took place in May 2009 to a depth of 10 cm. The weed seed bank was analysed using the seedling emergence method. Despite equal crop growth in fertilised plots, total seed bank density was lowest in plots amended with compost with low C:N ratio and highest in slurry-amended plots. Observed differences in seed bank densities reflected differences in soil organic carbon content and microbial biomass. At plot level, hard-coated seeds in the seed bank (e.g. Chenopodium spp.) were inversely related to soil microbial activity. Observed differential responses of species to applied fertilisers might be attributed to interspecific differences in resistance against microbial seed degradation. Compost-based fertilisation systems could be sustainable tools for incorporation into integrated weed control strategies aiming at depleting the weed seed bank.
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    TijdschriftWeed Research
    Volume51
    Exemplaarnummer3
    Pagina's (van-tot)250-260
    Aantal pagina’s11
    ISSN0043-1737
    DOI's
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 1-jun-2011

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