In situ determination of the impact of offshore pile driving on juvenile sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax

Elisabeth Debusschere, Amit Kumar Sinha, Bert De Coensel, Sofie Vandendriessche, Dick Botteldooren, Gudrun De Boeck, Jan Vanaverbeke, Steven Degraer, Kristian Hostens

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan congresC3: Congres - Meeting abstract

Uittreksel

To determine the impact of underwater sound generated by offshore pile driving, a field experiment was carried out on board of a piling vessel, exposing 68 and 115 days old sea bass to the sound generated during 1.5 hours of pile-driving. The number of strikes ranged from 1740 to 3070, with a single strike sound exposure level between 181 and 188 dB re 1µPa².s, resulting in cumulative sound exposure levels ranging from 215 to 222dB re 1µPa².s. Immediate and long-term survival of the exposed fish was high. However, exposed fish responded to the impulsive underwater sound by a 50% reduction in oxygen consumption rates (a secondary stress response) compared to the control groups. Data on cortisol concentrations will indicate whether juvenile sea bass also show primary stress responses. Under optimal lab conditions, we did not see effects on the fitness of the juvenile fish beyond the sound exposure period. However, it remains unknown whether the reduced fitness of juvenile fish is limited to the pile driving period in the real world as well. Our results indicate that impulsive sound close to the source creates sound pressure levels above the stress threshold, but below the lethal threshold for small sea bass.
TaalEngels
StatusGepubliceerd - 27-mei-2015
EvenementMarine Ecosystem Acoustics - observing the ocean interior in support of integrated management - Nantes, Frankrijk
Duur: 25-mei-201528-mei-2015

Symposium

SymposiumMarine Ecosystem Acoustics - observing the ocean interior in support of integrated management
LandFrankrijk
StadNantes
Periode25/05/1528/05/15

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