In vitro polyploidisation of Helleborus species

E. Dhooghe, W. Grunewald, L. Leus, M.C. Van Labeke

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review

    Uittreksel

    Helleborus species are members of the family of the Ranunculaceae. These popular perennials are all diploids (2n = 2x = 32). This study investigates polyploidy induction by different antimitotic agents. Colchicine, oryzalin and trifluralin were tested in vitro on shoots of Helleborus niger, H. orientalis and H. 9 nigercors. Furthermore the effect of the antimitotic agents on the viability and the multiplication rate of cultured plantlets were analyzed. Flow cytometry demonstrated that polyploidisation was genotype dependent: using H. niger, tetraploids were obtained using either oryzalin (3 mu M) or trifluralin (3 or 10 lM), whereas for H. 9 nigercors only trifluralin (3 or 10 mu M) induced polyploidisation. For H. orientalis neither treatment was effective to produce tetraploids or mixoploids. For these three species, colchicine (100 mu M) was ineffective. The polyploidisation events in H. niger and H. 9 nigercors were confirmed by chromosome counts of mounted nuclei derived from root tips (2n = 4x = 64)
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    TijdschriftEuphytica
    Volume165
    Exemplaarnummer1
    Pagina's (van-tot)89-95
    Aantal pagina’s7
    ISSN0014-2336
    DOI's
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2009

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