Induction of 2n pollen formation in Begonia by trifluralin and N2O treatments

A. Dewitte, T. Eeckhaut, J. Van Huylenbroeck, E. Van Bockstaele

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

Uittreksel

In this study, treatments of both trifluralin (at 10, 100 and 1000 mu M) and N(2)O (in the form of gas under pressure) were applied to Begonia flower buds to induce the formation of 2n pollen. Three male fertile species (B. cucullata, B. subvillosa var. leptotricha and B. fischeri) and two male sterile hybrids (B. schmidtiana x B. cucullata and B. subvillosa var. leptotricha x B. cucullata) were treated. Pollen size, which is related to pollen DNA content, increased after both N(2)O and trifluralin treatments, but the induction of large pollen was genotype dependent. Trifluralin induced large pollen only in the male fertile species, while N(2)O treatments induced fertile 2n pollen in the male sterile B. schmidtiana x B. cucullata. Cytological studies showed that trifluralin induced multinuclear monads that resulted in 4n gametes in stead of 2n gametes. In general, large pollen obtained after trifluralin treatments showed low germination capability, while large pollen obtained after N(2)O treatments retained high germination capability. Seedlings with raised ploidy level could only be obtained after crosses were performed with large pollen obtained from N(2)O treatments. Hence, N(2)O treatments are preferable to the use of trifluralin to induce 2n gametes in Begonia
TaalEngels
TijdschriftEuphytica
Volume171
Exemplaarnummer2
Pagina's (van-tot)283-293
Aantal pagina's11
ISSN0014-2336
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2010

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