Integron characterization and typing of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates in Belgium

Eva Van Meervenne, Nico Boon, Karen Verstraete, Frank Devlieghere, Koen De Reu, Lieve Herman, Glenn Buvens, Denis Piérard, Els Van Coillie

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review

Uittreksel

The presence of integrons and the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of STEC strains isolated in Belgium were analysed. The collection contained 306 strains, of which 225 were human isolates and 81 originated from different food or animal sources. Integrons were detected by PCR in 7.5?% of the tested isolates and all were class 1 integrons. The integron-positive strains all belonged to the human collection. By RFLP, five different types (A, B, C, D, E) were distinguished. The antibiotic-resistance gene cassettes were identified by sequencing representatives of the five different types. Two types of gene cassettes were found in different combinations, one encoding resistance to streptomycin/spectinomycin and the other encoding resistance to trimethoprim. One of the gene cassettes present was the rarely detected aadA23, which was now apparently for the first time reported in Western Europe. Susceptibility profiling of the strains for 11 antibiotics was done by standard disc diffusion assays. Among the 23 integron-positive strains, 17 different antibiotic susceptibility profiles were found. In the 283 integron-negative strains, 24 different antibiotic susceptibility profiles were observed. The majority of these strains were susceptible to all tested antibiotics (n?=?218, 77.0?%). The integron-positive strains were significantly more resistant to eight of the eleven tested antibiotics compared to the integron-negative strains (P
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume62
ExemplaarnummerPt 5
Pagina's (van-tot)712-9
Aantal pagina’s8
DOI's
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2013

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