Long-term trends in the soft bottom benthic fauna of the BPNS: results of 30 years environmental monitoring

    Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureC3: Congres abstract

    Uittreksel

    More than 30 years of environmental monitoring revealed a shift in the coastal macrobenthos community and the offshore demersal fish assemblage of the Belgian part of the North Sea (BPNS) around the year 2004. The shift in the offshore demersal fish assemblage could be related to climate parameters, while the coastal macrobenthic shift was mainly related to physical changes in the benthic habitat.

    Since 1984, several locations in the coastal and offshore area of the BPNS have been sampled in autumn on a yearly basis. Three ecosystem components are considered: macrobenthos, epibenthos and demersal fish, the first sampled with a Van Veen grab, the latter two with an 8m- shrimp beam trawl. As the samples are not directly impacted by human activities (except by fisheries), these long-term time series allowed us to study the natural variability over time within the three ecosystem components. For all ecosystem components, a clear differentiation between a coastal and offshore assemblage can be seen. As such, the long-term data allowed us to identify whether the coastal and offshore assemblages changed differently over time per ecosystem component, and whether the three ecosystem components showed similar (or different) trends over time. The observed biological changes were linked to some environmental variables, to investigate whether climate change or physical habitat changes could explain the biological trends over time.

    Besides long-term trends at the assemblage level, some trends were apparent at species level as well. Some Lusitanian fish species like lesser weever (Echiichtys vipera), solenette (Buglossidium luteum), scaldfish (Arnoglossum laterna) and sand sole (Pegusia lascaris) showed distinct increases since the late 90s, while pouting (Trisopterus luscus) showed a steep decline over time, which was correlated to the NAO index. The benthic bivalves Abra alba and Kurtiella bidentata, together with the ophiuroid Ophiura ophiura increased significantly since 2004 and this was related to an increase of finer sediments in the coastal area. Spisula subtruncata, was the only benthic species that decreased strongly over time in the coastal area.
    TaalEngels
    TitelVLIZ Marine Scientst Day, Book of abstracts
    Aantal pagina's1
    Datum12-feb-2016
    StatusGepubliceerd - 12-feb-2016
    EvenementVLIZ Marine Scientist Day (2016) - Brugge, Brugge, België
    Duur: 12-feb-201612-feb-2016
    http://www.vliz.be/vmsd/nl

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