Molecular cytogenetic characterization of the dioecious Cannabis sativa with an XY chromosome sex determination system

Mikhail Divashuk, Oleg Alexandrov, Olga Razumova, Ilia Kirov, Gennady Karlov

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    Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) was karyotyped using by DAPI/C-banding staining to provide chromosome measurements, and by fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes for 45 rDNA (pTa71), 5S rDNA (pCT4.2), a subtelomeric repeat (CS-1) and the Arabidopsis telomere probes. The karyotype has 18 autosomes plus a sex chromosome pair (XX in female and XY in male plants). The autosomes are difficult to distinguish morphologically, but three pairs could be distinguished using the probes. The Y chromosome is larger than the autosomes, and carries a fully heterochromatic DAPI positive arm and CS-1 repeats only on the less intensely DAPI-stained, euchromatic arm. The X is the largest chromosome of all, and carries CS-1 subtelomeric repeats on both arms. The meiotic configuration of the sex bivalent locates a pseudoautosomal region of the Y chromosome at the end of the euchromatic CS-1-carrying arm. Our molecular cytogenetic study of the C. sativa sex chromosomes is a starting point for helping to make C. sativa a promising model to study sex chromosome evolution.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftPloS one
    Volume9
    Exemplaarnummer1
    Pagina's (van-tot)e85118
    Aantal pagina's7
    ISSN1932-6203
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2014

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