Morfologische en pathogenetische karakterisering van genetisch diverse Sclerotinia isolaten van Europese rode klaver gewassen (Trifolium pratense L.)

Tim Vleugels, Joost Baert, Erik Van Bockstaele

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Clover rot, an important disease in European red clover crops, is caused by Sclerotinia trifoliorum or Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Until today, little is known about
the variation in aggressiveness among Sclerotinia isolates from red clover. Aggressiveness has never been correlated with morphological characteristics. Rapidly growing isolates may be more aggressive, but this was never investigated in S. trifoliorum before. Also nothing is known about the link between sclerotia production and aggressiveness. Oxalic acid is an important athogenicity factor in Sclerotinia species, but its effect on aggressiveness is unknown in S. trifoliorum isolates. For this study, we selected 30 Sclerotinia isolates from 25 locations Europe: 26 S. trifoliorum isolates and 4 S. sclerotiorum isolates from two locations in France (Fr. A and Fr.B). For each isolate, the in vitro growth speed, sclerotia production, oxalate production and aggressiveness were analysed and correlations were estimated between aggressiveness and the other characteristics. Aggressiveness was assessed in vitro on detached leaves and in a greenhouse on young plants. Our isolates differed significantly in growth speed, sclerotia production, oxalate production and aggressiveness. The infections on detached leaves and young plants revealed interaction between isolates and plant
genotypes and between isolates and cultivars, but there was no indication that pathotypes exist. In vitro growth speed and in vitro aggressiveness on detached
leaves were positively correlated with aggressiveness on young plants, while sclerotia production was negatively correlated with aggressiveness on young plants. These factors can be used as predictors of aggressiveness of Sclerotinia isolates from red clover crops.
TaalEngels
TijdschriftJournal of Phytopathology
Volume161
Exemplaarnummer4
Pagina's (van-tot)254-262
Aantal pagina's9
ISSN0931-1785
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2013

Trefwoorden

  • B390-fytopathologie

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