Mixed grass-clover grasslands are an essential element of sustainable farming systems. The presence of clover in the mixture contributes significantly to the reduction of nitrogen fertilizer application needs, and results in improved nutritional value. In red clover, architecture is under genetic and environmental control. Similarly to what has been found in other plant species, we anticipate that architectural changes in red clover will strongly influence traits such as forage yield, re-growth capacity, seed yield and persistence. The genetic aspect of branching has been widely studied in model plants but did not obtain much attention in the past in red clover. Our aim is to translate knowledge from model plants on genes involved in meristem initiation, bud formation, and the activity and determination of the apical meristems to red clover.