Projecten per jaar
Crop seeds are often treated with pesticides before planting. Pesticide-laden dust particles can be abraded from the seed coating during planting and expelled into the environment, damaging non-target organisms. Drift of these dust particles depends on their size, shape and density. In this work, we used X-ray micro-CT to examine the size, shape (sphericity) and porosity of dust particles from treated seeds of various crops. The dust properties quantified in this work were very variable in different crops. This variability may be a result of seed morphology, seed batch, treatment composition, treatment technology, seed cleaning or an interaction of these factors. The intra-particle porosity of seed treatment dust particles varied from 0.02 to 0.51 according to the crop and generally increased with particle size. Calculated settling velocities demonstrated that accounting for particle shape and porosity is important in drift studies. For example, the settling velocity of dust particles with an equivalent diameter of 200 μm may vary between 0.1. and 1.2 m/s , depending on their shape and density. Our analysis shows that in a wind velocity of 5 m/s, such particles ejected at 1 m height may travel between 4 and 50 m from the source before settling. While micro-CT is a valuable tool to characterize dust particles, the current image processing methodology limits the number of particles that can be analyzed
DUSTDRIFT: Maatregelen en innovatieve technieken ter beperking van stofdrift van gewasbeschermingsmiddelen bij de toepassing van gecoat zaad
Nuyttens, D. & Foqué, D.
1/10/11 → 30/09/15