Ruimtelijke en temporele variabiliteit van worteleigenschappen en de effectiviteit van vanggewassen

Greet Ruysschaert, Lorens Coorevits, Bart Vandecasteele, Alex De Vliegher, Jozef Deckers

    Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureC3: Congres abstract

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    Growing catch crops is an effective measure for reducing nitrate-N leaching during autumn and winter. In this study we investigated 1) how effective different catch crop types are over time, 2) how deep they can extract N with their rooting system and 3) the effect of field conditions. The two catch crops under investigation were Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and white mustard (Sinapis alba L.). They were sown the 29th of August 2008 at three different locations (headland, normal and wet conditions) in a sandy loam field plot (Terric Anthrosol) in Merelbeke (Belgium) on wheat stubble. At each location, a randomised block design was established with three replicates. Apart from the catch crops, there was a third treatment with bare plots. Mineral N in the soil profile (0-90 or 0-210 cm) and above and below ground biomass parameters were measured in September, October, November and February. N-uptake in October was higher for white mustard than for ryegrass because of the fast early crop development. This difference had disappeared in November. The nitrate-N content in the 0-90 cm soil profile (residual N) did not change between October and November for white mustard and fallow, but decreased for ryegrass in that period. The maximum rooting depth for both crop types was 50-60 cm, except for the headland where, depending on the precise location, the crops could only extract N from the 0-25 or 0-45 cm top soil. Remineralisation from white mustard in winter was demonstrated.
    TaalEngels
    TitelNUTRIHORT: Book of abstracts : Nutrient management, innovative techniques and nutrient legislation in intensive horticulture for an improved water quality
    Datum16-sep-2013
    ISBN van geprinte versie978-9040303456
    StatusGepubliceerd - 16-sep-2013
    EvenementNutrihort - Gent, België
    Duur: 16-sep-201318-sep-2013
    http://www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/Default.aspx?alias=www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/nutrihort

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