Selection of scFv phages specific for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT), as alternatives for antibodies in CAT detection assays

Bieke Van Dorst, Jaytry Mehta, Elsa Rouah-Martin, Jelke Backeljau, Wim De Coen, Dominique Eeckhout, Geert De Jaeger, Ronny Blust, Johan Robbens

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

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    Reporter gene assays are commonly used in applied toxicology to measure the transcription of genes involved in toxic responses. In these reporter gene assays, transgenic cells are used, which contain a promoter-operator region of a gene of interest fused to a reporter gene. The transcription of the gene of interest can be measured by the detection of the reporter protein. Chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) is frequently used as a reporter protein in mammalian reporter gene assays. Although CAT can be measured by different detection systems, like enzymatic and immune assays, most of these tests are expensive, time-consuming and labor-intensive. The excellent characteristics of phages, like their high affinity and specificity, their fast, cheap and animal-friendly manufacturing process with low batch-to-batch variations and their stability, make them appropriate as alternatives for antibodies in detection assays. Therefore, in this study single-chain variable fragment (scFv) phages were selected with affinity for CAT. Several scFv phages were selected that showed affinity towards CAT in a screening ELISA. Surface plasmon resonance analyses showed that the tested scFv phages have an affinity for CAT with a dissociation constant (K(d) ) around 1?µM. The selected scFv phages in this study could be used as capture elements in a highly sensitive sandwich ELISA to detect CAT concentration as low as 0.1?ng ml(-1) or 4?pM. This low detection limit demonstrates the potential of the scFv phages as an alternative for capturing antibodies in a highly sensitive detection test to measure CAT concentrations in reporter gene assays.
    TaalEngels
    TijdschriftJournal of Applied Toxicology
    Volume32
    Exemplaarnummer10
    Pagina's (van-tot)783-9
    Aantal pagina's7
    DOI's
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2012

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