Projecten per jaar
In brewing practice, the use of the appropriate hop variety is essential to produce consistent and high-quality beers. Yet, hop batches of the same variety cultivated in different geographical regions can display significant biochemical differences, resulting in specific taste- and aroma-related characteristics in beer. In this study, we illustrate the complementarity of genetic and biochemical fingerprinting methods to fully characterize hop batches. Using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), a set of 1 830 polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers generated 48 unique genetic fingerprints for a collection of 56 commercial hop varieties. Three groups of varieties, consisting of somaclonal variants, could not be further differentiated using this set of markers. Biochemical marker information offered added value to characterize hop samples from a given variety grown at different geographical locations. We demonstrate the power of combining genetic and biochemical fingerprints for quality control of hop batches in the brewing industry.