Strain-specific transfer of antibiotic resistance from an environmental plasmid to foodborne pathogens

Eva Van Meervenne, Els Van Coillie, Frederiek-Maarten Kerckhof, Frank Devlieghere, Lieve Herman, Leen De Gelder, Eva Top, Nico Boon

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


Pathogens resistant to multiple antibiotics are rapidly emerging, entailing important consequences for human health. This
study investigated if the broad-host-range multiresistance plasmid pB10, isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, harbouring
amoxicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamide, and tetracycline resistance genes, was transferable to the foodborne pathogens Salmonella
spp. or E. coli O157:H7 and how this transfer alters the phenotype of the recipients. The transfer ratio was determined by both
plating and flow cytometry. Antibiotic resistance profiles were determined for both recipients and transconjugants using the disk
diffusion method. For 14 of the 15 recipient strains, transconjugants were detected. Based on plating, transfer ratios were between
6.8×10-9 and 3.0×10-2 while using flow cytometry, transfer ratios were between <1.0×10-5 and 1.9×10-2.With a few exceptions,
the transconjugants showed phenotypically increased resistance, indicating that most of the transferred resistance genes were
expressed. In summary, we showed that an environmental plasmid can be transferred into foodborne pathogenic bacteria at high
transfer ratios. However, the transfer ratio seemed to be recipient strain dependent.Moreover, the newly acquired resistance genes
could turn antibiotic susceptible strains into resistant ones, paving the way to compromise human health.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftJournal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
ExemplaarnummerArticle Number: 834598
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2012

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