Strong effect of compost and reduced tillage on C dynamics but not on N dynamics in a vegetable cropping system

    Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureC1: Artikels in proceedings van wetenschappelijke congressen, die niet inbegrepen zijn in A1, A2, A3 of P1peer review

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    Organic matter supply by compost and the way it is incorporated are important issues for sustaining soil quality in horticulture. Our research question was how compost application and reduced tillage would affect soil N dynamics and fertilizer N availability. To this end a multiyear field trial on a sandy loam soil with a vegetable crop rotation was set up. Soil tillage in spring was executed either with a moldboard plough or with an Actisol cultivator designed for non-inversion soil tillage. Farm compost was applied each autumn, starting in 2008, at 3 different rates, i.e. 0, 15 and 45 Mg per hectare. In 2011 leek (Allium porrum) was cultivated as test crop. Top mineral N dressing (0, 30 or 60 kg N ha-1) eight weeks after planting was added as a third factor. After three years significant differences between treatments were observed with respect to pH, total organic C and hot water extractable C content in the 0-10 cm soil layer. Only a few significant differences in N dynamics between treatments were registered. Residual N at the end of the growing season only varied due to differences in top mineral N dressing. The resulting higher C stocks did not appear to affect the risk of nitrate leaching.
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    TitelNUTRIHORT: Proceedings : Nutrient management, innovative techniques and nutrient legislation in intensive horticulture for an improved water quality
    Aantal pagina’s8
    Publicatiedatum2013
    Artikel nummer28
    ISBN van elektronische versie978-9040303463
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2013
    EvenementNutrihort - Gent, België
    Duur: 16-sep-201318-sep-2013
    http://www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/Default.aspx?alias=www.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/nutrihort

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