The impact of exogenous organic matter on SOM contents and microbial soil quality

B. Moeskops, D. Buchan, S. Van Beneden, V. Fievez, S. Sleutel, M. S. Gasper, T. D'Hose, S. De Neve

    Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review


    Eight fertilization strategies were compared in a field trial on Alfisol in Belgium (humid temperate climate): cattle slurry (CSL); farmyard manure (FYM); vegetable, fruit and garden waste compost (VFG); high C/N farm compost (FCP1); low C/N farm compost (FCP2); exclusively mineral fertilizer (MIN N); no fertilization (NF+), no fertilization and no crop (NF-). After five growing seasons, VFG resulted in the highest soil organic C (1.46% SOC) and total N contents (0.117. SOC and TN contents of the MIN N plots, on the other hand, remained unchanged and were even similar to those of NF+ plots, despite greater biomass production on the MIN N plots than on the NF+ plots. Application of organic matter mostly increased dehydrogenase, beta-glucosidase and beta-glucosaminidase activity, but only FYM raised the activity of all three enzymes significantly compared to MIN N. Of the five organic amendments tested, only VFG suppressed Rhizoctonia solani (65% suppressiveness). Plots treated with FCP1, on the other hand, were highly conducive to R. solani (28.3% suppressiveness). Suppressiveness against R. solani probably depended on the maturity and cellulose content of the organic amendments. Highest microbial biomass C contents were found in the VFG plots. PLFA 16:1 omega 5c contents sensitively reacted to the different treatments and were significantly higher in VFG than in MIN N plots (3.84 and 2.20 nmol g(-1) dry soil, respectively). Finally, a soil quality index was developed using stepwise canonical discriminant analysis. beta-glucosaminidase and beta-glucosidase activity, and TN content were the most important parameters of the index. According to this index, FYM resulted in a significantly higher soil quality than the other treatments. We conclude that farmyard manure seems to be the preferred organic amendment for maintaining soil quality in arable fields under temperate climatic conditions. (C) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
    Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
    Pagina's (van-tot)175-184
    Aantal pagina’s10
    PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2012


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