The impact of therapeutic-dose induced intestinal enrofloxacin concentrations in healthy pigs on fecal Escherichia coli populations

Joren De Smet, Filip Boyen, Siska Croubels, Geertrui Rasschaert, Freddy Haesebrouck, Robin Temmerman, Sofie Rutjens, Patrick De Backer, Mathias Devreese

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelpeer review

Uittreksel

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of therapy-induced intestinal tract concentrations of antimicrobials allows for interpretation and prediction of antimicrobial resistance selection within the intestinal microbiota. This study describes the impact of three different doses of enrofloxacin (ENR) and two different administration routes on the intestinal concentration of ENR and on the fecal Escherichia coli populations in pigs. Enrofloxacin was administered on three consecutive days to four different treatment groups. The groups either received an oral bolus administration of ENR (conventional or half dose) or an intramuscular administration (conventional or double dose).

RESULTS: Quantitative analysis of fecal samples showed high ENR concentrations in all groups, ranging from 5.114 ± 1.272 μg/g up to 39.54 ± 10.43 μg/g at the end of the treatment period. In addition, analysis of the luminal intestinal content revealed an increase of ENR concentration from the proximal to the distal intestinal tract segments, with no significant effect of administration route. Fecal samples were also screened for resistance in E. coli isolates against ENR. Wild-type (MIC≤0.125 μg/mL) and non-wild-type (0.125 < MIC≤2 μg/mL) E. coli isolates were found at time 0 h. At the end of treatment (3 days) only non-wild-type isolates (MIC≥32 μg/mL) were found.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the observed intestinal ENR concentrations in all groups showed to be both theoretically (based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles) and effectively (in vivo measurement) capable of significantly reducing the intestinal E. coli wild-type population.

Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftBMC Veterinary Research
Volume16
Exemplaarnummer1
Pagina's (van-tot)382
ISSN1746-6148
DOI's
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 2020
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Trefwoorden

  • Administration route
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Antimicrobials
  • Dose
  • Enrofloxacin
  • Escherichia coli
  • Microbiota

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