The importance of sample size in the determination of a flock-level antimicrobial resistance profile for Escherichia coli in broilers

Davy Persoons, Kaatje Bollaerts, Annemieke Smet, Lieve Herman, Marc Heyndrickx, An Martel, Patrick Butaye, Boudewijn Catry, Freddy Haesebrouck, Jeroen Dewulf

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

Uittreksel

Determining herd- or flock-specific antimicrobial resistance profiles is important to guide therapeutic use of antimicrobials and to assess risk factors for the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. As such, it is of utmost importance to optimize the sampling strategy for the determination of herd-specific antimicrobial resistance profiles. However, the multitude of prevalences measured at the same time as well as the presence of variation both at the level of the animal and the bacterial population of concern make it impossible to use conventional sample size determination methods. In this article, the use of bootstrapping techniques for sample size determination was explored. In particular, one-stage and two-stage bootstrap samplings were used to determine the optimal number of animals and the optimal number of isolates within one animal. Results show that focus should be on the number of animals sampled rather than on the number of isolates tested within one animal.
TaalEngels
TijdschriftMicrobial Drug Resistance
Volume17
Exemplaarnummer4
Pagina's (van-tot)513-9
Aantal pagina's7
ISSN1931-8448
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2011

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