The potential of bacteriophages to control Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris at different stages of disease development

Dominique Holtappels, Kiandro J Fortuna, Lauren Moons, Nand Broeckaert, Léon E Bäcker, Sofie Venneman, Sofie Rombouts, Louis Lippens, Steve Baeyen, Sabien Pollet, Jean-Paul Noben, Frank Oechslin, Marta Vallino, Abram Aertsen, Martine Maes, Johan Van Vaerenbergh, Rob Lavigne, Jeroen Wagemans

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review


Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is a vascular pathogen that invades the xylem of Brassica crops. Current chemical and antibiotics-based control measures for this bacterium are unsustainable and inefficient. After establishing a representative collection of Xcc strains, we isolated and characterized bacteriophages from two clades of phages to assess their potential in phage-based biocontrol. The most promising phages, FoX2 and FoX6, specifically recognize (lipo) polysaccharides, associated with the wxc gene cluster, on the surface of the bacterial cell wall. Next, we determined and optimized the applicability of FoX2 and FoX6 in an array of complementary bioassays, ranging from seed decontamination to irrigation- and spray-based applications. Here, an irrigation-based application showed promising results. In a final proof-of-concept, a CaCl2 -formulated phage cocktail was shown to control the outbreak of Xcc in the open field. This comprehensive approach illustrates the potential of phage biocontrol of black rot disease in Brassica and serves as a reference for the broader implementation of phage biocontrol in integrated pest management strategies.

Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftMicrobial biotechnology
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 27-jan-2022


  • B390-fytopathologie

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