Trichoderma-Inoculated Miscanthus Straw Can Replace Peat in Strawberry Cultivation, with Beneficial Effects on Disease Control

Jane Debode, Caroline De Tender, Pieter Cremelie, Ana S. Lee, Tina Kyndt, Hilde Muylle, Tom De Swaef, Bart Vandecasteele

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Peat based growing media are not ecologically sustainable and often fail to support biological control. Miscanthus straw was (1) tested to partially replace peat; and (2) precolonized with a Trichoderma strain to increase the biological control capacity of the growing media. In two strawberry pot trials (denoted as experiment I & II), extruded and nonextruded miscanthus straw, with or without precolonization with T. harzianum T22, was used to partially (20% v/v) replace peat. We tested the performance of each mixture by monitoring strawberry plant development, nutrient content in the leaves and growing media, sensitivity of the fruit to the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea, rhizosphere community and strawberry defense responses. N immobilization by miscanthus straw reduced strawberry growth and yield in experiment II but not in I. The precolonization of the straw with Trichoderma increased the postharvest disease suppressiveness against B. cinerea and changed the rhizosphere fungal microbiome in both experiments. In addition, defenserelated genes were induced in experiment II. The use of miscanthus straw in growing media will reduce the demand for peat and close resource loops. Successful precolonization of this straw with biological control fungi will optimize crop cultivation, requiring fewer pesticide applications, which will benefit the environment and human health. © 2018 Debode, De Tender, Cremelie, Lee, Kyndt, Muylle, De Swaef and Vandecasteele.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
TijdschriftFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume9
Pagina's (van-tot)213
ISSN1664-462X
DOI's
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 21-feb-2018

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