Xanthomonas hydrangeae sp. nov., a novel plant pathogen isolated from Hydrangea arborescens

Nay Dia, Johan Van Vaerenbergh, Cinzia Van Malderghem, Jochem Blom, Theo Smits, Bart Cottyn, Joël F Pothier

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This paper describes a novel species isolated in 2011 and 2012 from nursery-grown Hydrangea arborescens cultivars in Flanders, Belgium. After 4 days at 28 °C, the strains yielded yellow, round, convex and mucoid colonies. Pathogenicity of the strains was confirmed on its isolation host, as well as on Hydrangea quercifolia. Analysis using MALDI-TOF MS identified the Hydrangea strains as belonging to the genus Xanthomonas but excluded them from the species Xanthomonas hortorum . A phylogenetic tree based on gyrB confirmed the close relation to X. hortorum . Three fatty acids were dominant in the Hydrangea isolates: anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1  ω7c/C16 : 1  ω6c). Unlike X. hortorum pathovars, the Hydrangea strains were unable to grow in the presence of lithium chloride and could only weakly utilize d-fructose-6-PO4 and glucuronamide. Phylogenetic characterization based on multilocus sequence analysis and phylogenomic characterization revealed that the strains are close to, yet distinct from, X. hortorum . The genome sequences of the strains had average nucleotide identity values ranging from 94.35–95.19 % and in silico DNA–DNA hybridization values ranging from 55.70 to 59.40 % to genomes of the X. hortorum pathovars. A genomics-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay was developed which was specific to the Hydrangea strains for its early detection. A novel species, Xanthomonas hydrangeae sp. nov., is proposed with strain LMG 31884T (=CCOS 1956T) as the type strain.
Oorspronkelijke taalEngels
Artikel nummer12
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Volume71
Exemplaarnummer12
Aantal pagina’s14
ISSN1466-5026
DOI's
PublicatiestatusGepubliceerd - 16-dec-2021

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